The historical period that encompasses tsivizizatsiyu ancient Egypt, has more than three millennia. And hard to find anyone in the world who has not heard about the grandeur and majesty of the Egyptian pyramids, these amazing structures proivodit a lasting impression on the people to this day.
Naprotjazhenii centuries Egyptian pyramids are unique masterpiece of architecture of the global scale, as they have no analogues. At the same time the pyramids of ancient Egypt is one of the biggest mysteries Samhita for all mankind.
If we talk about the first known pyramid schemes, it is necessary to remember those that were built in the form of steps. The only extant step pyramid – a pyramid of Djoser. Descent from its entrance leads into the burial chamber, and its height is about 62 meters. The construction of the more familiar form of pyramids began in the era of the Fourth Dynasty. The first real pyramid called Pyramid Sneferu, other well-known name – “Red Pyramid”, “Pyramid North.”
Great Pyramid of Giza, built around 2550 BC, is the largest and probably the most famous pyramids of ancient Egypt. She became the second pyramid of pharaoh IV dynasty. It covers an area of ??52 thousand square meters, and its height is 138 meters. Other famous pyramids of Giza – Pyramid is later pharaohs Khafre and Menkaure, and unlike the pyramids of Cheops, they have small temples and burial.
Near the pyramid of Khafre, is the second largest construction, the famous Sphinx – one of the oldest monumental sculptures that have survived to our time. This sculpture is a lion, and his face – something reminiscent of the face of the pharaoh Khafre. In 1837 it was found basalt sarcophagus, coffin made of wood and human bones, but all of these historically important finds were drowned with the ship for the carriage of scientists in England.
Another notable pyramid called Pyramid of Menkaure, which is less than the previous pyramid a dozen times. This building is remarkable in that its construction was used a material such as granite, and granite work much harder. Also this pyramid is much more complex system of burial space, particularly attracted the attention of a large number of tunnels.
Since the time of the fifth dynasty pyramids sizes are much less impressive and more. But regardless of their size and shape, all the pyramids are of great historical importance for humanity. This time period is isolated pyramid of Unas, as it is in it were first found funerary texts that were carved on the wall. It was a surprising discovery for scientists.
The pyramids of ancient Egypt – is an amazing invention of mankind, which still remains one of the most important and biggest mysteries. So it remains unclear how it was possible to build such huge structures without the use of any equipment and the resources that are there at the moment. Nevertheless, the great pyramid still affect humanity in its scale and grandeur. The pyramids of ancient Egypt are the only one of the seven wonders of the world that have been preserved to this day.