Modern scholars have come to the consensus that numerous deities of the Egyptians mediate the Supreme Being – God. The subject of the dispute on the belief of the ancient Egyptians were interested in a long time and continues to be interested in various scholars, because the Egyptians are famous for the fact that a large worshiped many gods, each of which represented certain events in their lives.
God of the ancient capital of Memphis Ptah was considered that much revered in Egypt, as it was his thought creator of all other gods and goddesses, and the world in which the Egyptians lived. Over time, the cult of the god Amun, who was called “the soul of the Sun” has merged with the cult of Ra – the god of the sun, light and warmth – and caused the god Amun-Ra was the chief deity of ancient Egypt.
The Egyptians believed that Ra morning floated in the sky in the solar boat all day and moved by it, that is, was a movement of the sun, and in the evening his boat turned out to the horizon, where he fought with the evil serpent Apep – and winning it for the night, the next morning again floated in the sky.
The sky goddess Nut was, and the earth god Geb, they were both children of Ptah. The belief of the Egyptians only, in which the god of the earth is considered to be a man, not a woman, and all other peoples of the earth have seen, as the mother-goddess. God of wisdom Thoth believed, and his cult was especially revered by the Egyptians. It was believed that it was he who taught the people writing and arithmetic and gave them a lot of knowledge. He was also the conductor of souls into the kingdom of the dead.
A feature of Egyptian religion can be called that images of their gods have always been associated with animals – Geb was represented as a man with the head of the snake, Nut has been in the form of a cow, and Thoth depicted as a monkey or a human with the head of the bird Ibis. Also, each god had his own sacred animal.
Formation of beliefs of the Egyptians were directly related to the change of ruling dynasties, who wanted to strengthen the monotheism. Key coup Egyptian religion occurred in the era of one of the most mysterious rulers of Osiris in 4200 BC A couple of Osiris and Isis was especially venerated by the gods for the ancient Egyptians. They tied the most famous legend, which laid the foundations in the religious beliefs of the Egyptians.
Good king Osiris envied his brother Seth, and decided to destroy it. The evil brother Seth cut the body into pieces and scattered around Egypt. A loving wife Isis find all the remains of Osiris, and learned from them the vital force, from which she was born the son of Horus. When Gore grew and matured, he defeated Seth, and was able to return to his father’s life.
Then Osiris became the ruler of the underworld, he is weighing the souls of men on special scales, defining what they were in life. These functions Osiris and identified a new round of development of the beliefs of the Egyptians. There was a clear concept of “judgment of the dead” and the belief that life continues after death. This also explained the ritual of mummification of the dead, and that their families provide their household items and after death. The pyramids of ancient Egypt used as a burial place for nobles munifitsirovannyh.
In honor of the gods of the ancient Egyptians built numerous temples, inside which there is a spacious courtyard, the statue of the revered gods and many inscriptions and drawings dedicated to the gods and pharaohs. Among the Egyptians had a special caste of people who are trained, they knew about religion all served to the gods and performed sacred rites. These people were called priests.
They had a variety of functions and they enjoyed respect among others. They created calendars, astronomical observations were involved in the development of medicine and mathematics, had immense power and wealth, and were often approximate the pharaohs.