Egypt – a country on the banks of the Nile and its inhabitants

The ancients chose the places that were most convenient for a full life. Often they found themselves the shore of the seas and rivers.

Nile originates in Central – Eastern Africa and empties into the Mediterranean, forming a widely ramified delta.

Neil – an oasis of life

Due to the fact that every year in July, the Nile overflowed its rocky shore become fertile.

Neil also contact people who lived along its course with other civilizations, because it provides access to the Mediterranean.

Ancient Egyptians betrayed Nile divine painting and considered it a blessing of the gods, because thanks to the river that they can engage in agriculture, fishing and establish trade relations.

Surprisingly, it was given the name of the ancient Greek traders country on the Nile – Egypt. From the reeds that grew along the banks of the river, the Egyptians made the papyrus, which later became an integral part of their culture.

Agriculture Ancient Egyptians

Agriculture has played a significant role in the life of the ancient Egyptians. In the summer, when the waters of the Nile were overflowing, they built special channels that water could moisten remote areas.

During this period, ceased operation on the ground – needed time to water could well enough to moisten the soil and make it fertile. For agriculture back three months after the spill.

Ground digging special bronze plows, which harnessed oxen. The most common crops are cereals, peas, beans, cucumbers, garlic and onions.

Harvest time is in April-May. Also, the ancient Egyptians were grown figs, pomegranates and dates: dry and hot climate contributed to this.

The emergence of a unified Egyptian state

Like the ancient Greeks, the Egyptians created a separate, independent city-state – noma. But unlike the Greek colonization policy, the Egyptian noma often fought with each other for the right to land ownership.

The struggle between the nomes ended with the entire territory of Egypt began to represent two kingdoms – Upper and Lower Egypt.

King of Upper Egypt Mina, 3 millennium BC. He managed to unite the two kingdoms into a single state, whose capital was the city of Memphis. And the rulers, who led the government, after the union became known as the pharaohs.

Genesis of the ancient Egyptians

Pharaohs lived in luxurious palaces, which were decorated with unusual plants, sculptures. Often, the palaces of the pharaohs were covered with gold. Indoors hit extraordinary paintings, which invited to create the world’s best artists.

Aristocrats and wealthy Egyptians around the Pharaoh tried to imitate. Very often, their home is a smaller copy of the ruler’s palace. The lower strata of the population live in their own little houses, studios often.

Clothing Egyptians was made of lightweight fabrics. Women wore sundresses, men – loincloths. Compulsory for the Egyptians, regardless of age, gender and class to which they belonged were wigs.

In ancient Egypt, there was no money, so trade is an exchange. Substantially equivalent, for which the cost of a product was corn. In ancient Egypt, the cult of the mother and the family, which is well combined with the beliefs of the ancient Egyptians.

Sometimes married Egyptian women enjoy more rights than their husbands. Women are respected, the state guaranteed their protection.

The ancient Egyptians through their work, were able to create a powerful civilization along the Nile, a living reminder that today is the ancient pyramids.


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