First religion, which unlike many existing acquired monotheistic character, was Judaism. The Jews believed that there is one God, Yahweh, who created the world and life on earth.
The belief that God periodically giving commandments by which to live to every man, gave birth to the Jewish faith in prophets – people who have been the link between God and the earthly world.
Activities of the prophets is very similar to the function of priests in paganism: they sacrificed to God, and in return received his revelation by which to judge the future of the people.
Biblical prophets can be divided into two groups: the Old Testament, who lived before the birth of Jesus Christ, and represented the beliefs of Judaism and the New Testament, which itself was only Jesus Christ – the founder of Christianity.
Most of the Old Testament prophets foretold the imminent birth of the Messiah, the son of God, born of a virgin, that his earthly death will wash away the sin of Adam, and will give the opportunity of salvation and forgiveness of sins to all subsequent generations.
One of those prophets was Elijah, who according to legend the day of his death, God ascended to heaven in a fiery chariot. Biblical prophets also considered the rulers of Solomon and David, whom God was given to anticipation that the future Messiah would be exactly representative of their kind.
Significant among the Biblical prophets, Moses takes. At the time of his birth, a significant part of the Jews were under the yoke of the Egyptian pharaohs.
According to legend, in order to save her newborn son from death, who waited all Jewish babies from the hands of the Egyptians, Moses’ mother placed the child in a basket and hid it in the bushes of the Nile.
By a happy coincidence, the boy was found by Pharaoh’s daughter, who took him to his palace on education. Moses’ sister Marius saw it, asked for the nurse to be a little boy, so brother grew up in her eyes.
Over time, she revealed to Moses the truth about his origins. Adult Moses could not look at the suffering of the Jewish people, and once killed an Egyptian overseer who mocked Jewish. This forced him to flee from Egypt.
In the mountains, Moses received a revelation from the Holy Spirit that called him to free his people from the oppression of the Egyptians, and to find the sacred land, which belonged to the Jews. For many years, forty Jews sought the promised land.
One day, God gave Moses a stone stele on which were engraved the Ten Commandments, which were the first tenets of Judaism. According to legend, God told Moses that he would see the sacred ground, but her foot touches.
And so it happened – Moses died on the day when the Jews reached the Sinai Peninsula and the ancient Palestine. His sister Marius continued on his brother and became the new prophetess in the eyes of the Jews.
The journey from Egypt to the Sinai Peninsula could not borrow forty years. Biblical teaching explains that Moses purposefully delayed the time to the way the Jews were able to forget about the suffering brought them Egyptians.
Belief in the biblical prophets has become an integral part of the religious teachings of Judaism and Christianity prerequisites for the emergence.